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Tuvalu-Taiwan Cooperation

Tuvalu’s contributions to Taiwan

Support for Taiwan’s Participation in International Organizations: In recognition of Tuvalu’s strong diplomatic ties with Taiwan, as well as the tremendous support Taiwan has provided to Tuvalu over the long term, important figures in the Tuvalu government have made it their mission to speak out in support of Taiwan during regional and international meetings including meetings of the United Nations, the World Health Organization, and the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, thereby increasing attention to Taiwan’s struggle for global recognition. Tuvalu has also supported Taiwan’s attempts to participate in UN specialized agencies and other international organizations and has assisted Taiwanese representatives to join several UN meetings.

Photo Credit: Office of the President of the Republic of China

Photo Credit: Office of the President of the Republic of China

Examples of Tuvalu speaking out on behalf of Taiwan are numerous. For instance, on 27th September, 2014, during the 69th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, Tuvalu’s Prime Minister Honorable Enele Sosene Sopoaga made the following statement:

Tuvalu also fully supports Taiwan’s meaningful participation in UN specialized agencies and mechanisms, including the WHO, ICAO and the UNFCCC. We recognize the cooperative spirit shown by Taiwan in their involvement in the Post 2015 Development agenda. We recognize the need to include Taiwan in the global fight against climate change. We recognize Taiwan’s role as a regional peace maker. Taiwan supports scholarships and capacity building for experts, students and officials from many developing countries in all sectors, including my own country Tuvalu.

In December 2014, during a meeting for the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, Prime Minister Sopoaga also stated that                     

Photo Credit: Office of the President of the Republic of China

Photo Credit: Office of the President of the Republic of China

For a truly global and universal response to climate change, Tuvalu ALSO strongly supports the meaningful participation of the twenty-three million people of the Republic of China/Taiwan in the climate change negotiations. ROC/Taiwan is amongst the top ten largest economies of the world and a major GHG emitter. They have also made significant commitments of GHG reduction targets to be achieved in parallel and comparative to many industrialised nations. The ROC is also already contributing immensely to technology development and transfer, and capacity building for adaptation to many peoples of the world to cope with climate change. The active and meaningful participation of the ROC/Taiwan in the UNFCCC processes is critical, and as such must be considered in earnest.

The Governor General of Tuvalu, Sir Iakoba Taeia Italeli, has also demonstrated support for Taiwan in his speeches, and expressed the following sentiment during his state visit to Taiwan in November 2014:

Given the importance of this issue to both our countries, Tuvalu, in recognition of the crucial role and active participation of Taiwan in combating climate change, fully supports the application and participation of Taiwan as Observer at the UNFCCC process. I am confident that the global community will render its full support to the Republic of China (Taiwan) to regain its rightful place in these global processes.

Disaster Aid: Tuvalu has also provided crucial aid to Taiwan for use during disaster recovery. After Typhoon Morakot devastated Taiwan in 2009, Tuvalu donated US$210,000 to Taiwan’s recovery efforts, a sum equivalent to approximately 1% of Tuvalu’s GDP in that year.


Projects Enacted By Taiwan to benefit Tuvalu

Education, Training, and Scholarship Programs: Currently, Taiwan offers two scholarships for Tuvaluan students hoping to study for their Bachelor’s, Master’s, or PhD degrees in Taiwan: the MOFA Taiwan Scholarship sponsored by Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the International Higher Education Scholarship sponsored by the TaiwanICDF. The Taiwanese government also hosts annual short-term training programs for Tuvaluan citizens, as well as citizens from other countries maintaining diplomatic relations with Taiwan, which take place both domestically and abroad. For example, the 2014 Tuvalu Youth Technician Training Program was hosted by Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Labor from September through November, 2014 in Taichung City, Taiwan.

Photo Credit: Silafaga Lalua

Photo Credit: Silafaga Lalua

Technical Aid Projects: Technical aid projects developed between Tuvalu and Taiwan include the 2014 Alternative Military Services Project and the Overseas Services Team project. These projects send volunteers to Tuvalu to provide citizens with a variety of services and enhance the delivery of technical aid abroad. Volunteer services include collaboration regarding environmental protection, education (e.g., training in English, math, natural sciences, art, music, and computers), information technology, public health, agricultural development, and cultural exchange. (Source: Taiwan's MOFA and ICDF)

Food Safety Projects: Food safety projects include the 2011 Tuvalu Aquaculture Project and the 2012 to 2014 Project to Cultivate Horticultural Crops in Tuvalu. These projects adopt advanced techniques in aquaculture and agriculture to assist Tuvaluan citizens establish training sites and develop techniques for cultivating various crops, and have been developed to enhance Tuvalu’s self-sufficiency and encourage the adoption of balanced diets among Tuvaluan citizens. In 2011, a demonstration was conducted during which milkfish were cultivated and local raw materials were adopted to develop practical feed formulas for the fish. Additionally, an aquaculture station was established in Funafuti to serve as a base for the development of Tuvalu’s aquaculture industry. This work station was created not only to provide for the needs of the Tuvaluan people but also to offer a substitute for the nation’s reliance on fishing activities. Furthermore, during the execution of cooperative projects, an “Aquaculture Management and Technical Methods Manual” and “Feed Formula Manual” were published and public workshops were held to train personnel and further educate officials in Tuvalu’s fisheries department.  

Starting in 2012, Taiwan also began to emphasize techniques for cultivating fruits and vegetables in Tuvalu, as well as demonstrations of these techniques. Taiwan began to provide assistance regarding the establishment of commercial farms, home and school gardens, and composting plants, and educated Tuvaluan citizens concerning sprout propagation and vegetable cultivation, as well as the production of fruits and vegetables. Through the introduction of training courses on crop cultivation and cooking, personnel from Taiwan have promoted the importance of eating fruits and vegetables, advanced concepts of nutritional balance, and initiated a project on nutritional lunches. This project also focused on the compilation of manuals for farm management, cultivation, and compost production, and trained professionals and government personnel regarding the importance of upholding SOPs. All personnel involved in the training project acquired the ability to independently conduct and teach sprout propagation, farm management, pest control, sales, and other types of independent work. (Source: Taiwan's MOFA and ICDF)

Photo Credit: Semi Malaki

Photo Credit: Semi Malaki

Cooperative Projects on Health and Hygiene: Cooperative projects on health and hygiene include the 2011 Mobile Medical Unit Project and the 2012 to 2014 Project to Provide Clinical Services to Allied Pacific Countries. These projects involve dispatching “Mobile Medical Units” and “Clinical Treatment Teams” to Pacific nations and demonstrate not only immediate treatment efficacy and improvements to medical treatment environments, but also achieve optimal results with a high level of flexibility and only minimal expenditure. Consequently, these projects have exercised significant effects on communities in various Pacific countries. In 2010, Taiwan investigated Tuvalu’s health requirements to effectively enhance the caliber of domestic medical treatments and improve the health of the Tuvaluan people, and, starting in 2011, began to send treatment teams to Tuvalu to provide diagnostic and health services. While providing these services, treatment teams also disseminate information regarding public health and establish disease prevention techniques. Additionally, treatment teams host symposiums to enhance dialogue between medical workers from Taiwan and Tuvalu and strive to improve the healthcare and health education abilities of medical personnel in the country. (Source: Taiwan's MOFA and ICDF)

Disaster Aid: Taiwan has also provided crucial aid to Tuvalu for use during disaster recovery. After Tropical Cyclone Pam devastated Tuvalu in 2015, the Taiwanese government donated AU$80,000 to Tuvalu’s recovery efforts and the TaiwanICDF donated US$200,000.

 

Language: English / Chinese

 

吐台合作項目

吐瓦魯對台灣的貢獻

吐瓦魯支持台灣參與各種國際組織:因吐瓦魯與台灣長期維持穩定外交關係,且台灣對吐瓦魯所提供的支援對吐國發展有重大的貢獻,故吐國政府高層官員參加如聯合國大會、世界衛生大會、聯合國氣候變化綱要公約大會、聯合國永續發展大會等國際及區域會議時,總是為台灣仗義執言,增加國際社會對台灣的關注,使相關人士更加了解台灣在爭取國際認同上的努力與辛苦。吐瓦魯政府也大力支持台灣參與如聯合國專門組織等國際機構,亦積極協助台灣代表參加聯合國舉行的各項活動。

Photo Credit: Office of the President of the Republic of China

Photo Credit: Office of the President of the Republic of China

吐瓦魯在國際場合為台灣仗義執言的例子比比皆是。譬如,2014年9月27日,吐瓦魯總理索本嘉於第69屆聯合國大會致詞時,有如此發言:

「吐瓦魯全力支持台灣加入世界衛生組織、國際民航組織、聯合國氣候變化綱要公約等聯合國專門組織與機構。我國認同台灣在參與『後2015年發展議程』相關事宜中所展現的合作精神,也認為國際社會對抗全球變遷的行動不能沒有台灣,並且認同台灣在維持其區域的和平發展上的努力。此外,台灣提供獎學金給從事各種工作且來自吐瓦魯以及其他發展中國家的專家、學生與官員,成功提升了他們的專業能力。」

此外,2014年12月,索本嘉總理於「聯合國氣候變化綱要公約第20屆締約國大會」高階會議致詞時,也提到

Photo Credit: Office of the President of the Republic of China

Photo Credit: Office of the President of the Republic of China

 

為了讓全球所有的國家能夠一起對抗氣候變遷,吐瓦魯全力支持台灣兩千三百萬人口參與氣候變遷相關的談判過程。台灣是全球十大經濟體的其中一個,也是一個溫室氣體排放量甚大的國家。不過,台灣已經訂定溫室氣體減量標準,打算與許多工業化國家並駕齊驅,同時達到這些標準。此外,台灣對科技發展與轉型的貢獻已經很大,台灣也協助來自不同國家的人民提升適應氣候變遷的專業能力。因此,台灣加入聯合國氣候變化綱要公約相關談判過程非常重要,是我們目前必須要認真考慮的選項。」

再者,2014年11月,吐瓦魯總督依塔雷理訪問台灣時,有如此發言:

「氣候變遷此議題對吐瓦魯與台灣極其重要;吐瓦魯也認同台灣在對抗氣候變遷過程中的積極參與,也認同台灣在此過程中,扮演了重要角色。因此吐瓦魯全力支持台灣以觀察員身分加入聯合國氣候變化綱要公約。我相信國際社會也會全力支持台灣,使該國能恢復其在參與國際事宜上應有的權利。」

災難救濟:吐瓦魯亦曾經提供災害復原基金給台灣政府。2009年,台灣發生莫拉克風災時,吐瓦魯政府捐贈二十一萬美元給台灣,相當於吐國當年國民內生產毛額(GDP)的百分之一。


台灣提供吐瓦魯合作計畫

教育、訓練與獎學金計畫:目前,台灣提供兩種獎學金給吐瓦魯學生,即外交部所提供之台灣獎學金及國合會所提供之國際高等人力培訓外籍生獎學金。兩種獎學金協助吐瓦魯學生來台取得學士、碩士或博士學位。此外,台灣政府每年為吐瓦魯及其他邦交國人士安排國內外短期訓練課程例如2014年9月至11月中華民國外交部與勞動部在台中舉行之「103年度吐瓦魯青年技師培訓計畫」。

Photo Credit: Silafaga Lalua

Photo Credit: Silafaga Lalua

技術援外計畫:包括2014年外交替代役專案計畫及海外服務工作團,盼藉由派遣志工赴吐國提供志願服務,分享專長及經驗,提昇台灣技術援外效益,派遣志工服務包含環境保護、教學(如英語、數學、自然科學、美術、音樂或電腦等)、資訊、公衛醫療、農業發展及文化交流等類別。(資料來源:中華民國外交部與國合會)

食物安全計畫:包括2011年吐瓦魯水產養殖計畫及2012年至2014年吐瓦魯園藝作物發展計畫,盼以先進養殖及農業技術協助吐國建立養殖基礎訓練基地與蔬果作物栽培技術,以提升糧食自給自足及飲食均衡為目標。2011年藉由虱目魚養殖示範操作,並因地制宜取得適當原料研發可用之飼料配方,在富那富提建立水產養殖工作站,作為吐國發展水產養殖的基礎中心,除可提供島民需求,並部分取代本島漁撈量之需求;此外並編撰「養殖場管理制度及技術指導手冊」、「飼料配方製作手冊」和公開辦理講習班,培育吐國養殖人才並訓練漁業局配合人員,達成教學及技術轉移之目的。

2012年起則以協助吐國人民蔬果作物栽培技術並示範生產為主,提供種源援助並建立友誼商業農場、家庭菜圃、校園菜圃及堆肥廠,教導自行繁殖種苗、生產蔬果;藉由蔬果作物講習訓練班及食物烹調講習會等,宣導蔬果攝食觀念、增進營養均衡觀念與推動營養午餐計畫;編制田間管理栽培手冊、堆肥製作手冊及訓練專業經理人及政府人員遵守標準作業流程,訓練計畫配合人員、推廣官及廢棄物處理中心專業經理人,進行自主管理種苗繁殖、田間管理、病蟲害防治及銷售等獨立作業技術移轉。(資料來源:中華民國外交部與國合會)

Photo Credit: Semi Malaki

Photo Credit: Semi Malaki

醫療衛生合作計畫:包括2011年行動醫療團計畫及2012年至2014年太平洋友邦臨床醫療小組派遣計畫,藉由「行動醫療團」及「臨床醫療小組」的派遣,除可立即顯見醫療成效及改善醫療環境外,亦可以最機動性及最小經費支出等特點達到最大成效,使其效果深入民間。為有效協助吐國提昇醫療水準並改善人民健康,台灣於2000年即透過駐館調查需求,並自2011年起即派遣醫療小組赴吐國進行診療服務。醫療小組以臨床示範教學與臨床技術交流為主,藉由定點式專科醫療服務或偏遠地區之巡迴診療服務,深入醫療資源匱乏地區進行實質之診療服務,以實際行動服務偏遠地區民眾,並協助公共衛生宣導,建構疾病防治與基礎醫療照護功能。此外,期間更搭配舉辦研討會,加強台灣與當地醫事人員之臨床技術與經驗交流,並針對當地基層衛生人員提升其衛教與基本健康照護能力。(資料來源:中華民國外交部與國合會)

災難救濟:台灣亦曾提供吐瓦魯政府災害復原基金。2015年,吐瓦魯發生熱帶氣旋帕姆,台灣政府即捐贈吐瓦魯八萬澳元;台灣國合會則捐贈兩百萬美金。